Pycharm使用教程

阿杰学长
2018-12-28
来源:www.qidian02.cn

PyCharm 使用教程

Jetbrains 家族和 Pycharm 版本划分:

pycharm 是 Jetbrains 家族中的一个明星产品,Jetbrains开发了许多好用的编辑器

包括:

Java 编辑器(IntelliJ IDEA)

JavaScript 编辑器(WebStorm)

PHP 编辑器(PHPStorm)

Ruby 编辑器(RubyMine)

C 和 C++ 编辑器(CLion)

.Net 编辑器(Rider)

iOS/macOS 编辑器(AppCode)等等。

pycharm 现在在官网是分为两个版本,第一个版本是「Professional(专业版本)」,这个版本功能更加强大,主要是为 Python 和 web 开发者而准备,是需要付费的。第二个版本是「社区版」,一个专业版的阉割版,比较轻量级,主要是为 Python 和数据专家而准备的。一般我们做开发,下载专业版本比较合适。



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常用功能介绍:

1. 更换 Python 解释器:



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在File->Setting->Projec: xxx 下找到 Project Interpreter。然后修改为你需要的 Python 解释器。注意这个地方一定要注意的是:在选择 Python 解释器的时候,一定要选择到 python.exe 这个文件,而不是 python 的安装文件夹。

2. 新建一个项目



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3. 调整编辑器字体及其大小



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4. 调整控制台的字体及其大小



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5. 设置文件编码



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6. 修改文件背景颜色



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7. 让一个 tab 键代替 4 个空格键



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8. 查看项目结构



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PyCharm 常用快捷键

熟悉每个编辑器的快捷键,能大大提高你的工作效率。



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要想熟练使用快捷键,是需要你反复多次的使用,才能得心应手。我为了能熟悉全部的快捷键,我把我电脑的桌面的壁纸设置成了 Pycharm 快捷键图。没事的时候,或者忘记一个快捷键的时候,我总是会返回到桌面查看。



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